If you’re looking to improve your smile, there are many reasons to choose dental veneers. A veneer is a thin covering that is placed over the front (visible) part of the tooth. Veneers can correct a wide range of dental issues, such as:
- to lighten front teeth that can’t be whitened by bleaching
- to correct some cases of chipped or worn teeth
- to fill in uneven spaces or a large gap between the upper front teeth, called a diastema (pronounced die-a-STEE-ma)
Veneers are made of either ceramic or composite resin material. Your dentist will help you choose the material best for you based on strength, stain resistance, color and appearance. Each type of veneer has its own benefits.
A ceramic veneer is a thin shell custom-made to fit on the tooth.
Benefits of ceramic veneers:
- strong and long-lasting
- smooth, translucent surface provides a natural appearance
- doesn’t stain easily
Steps to place ceramic veneers:
1. When necessary, the dentist removes a small amount of enamel from the front and sides of the tooth. There has to be room for the veneer so that your tooth looks natural.
2. Next, the dentist makes an impression of the prepared teeth so that the shape of the preparations and surrounding teeth can be copied in the dental lab. The dentist also decides on the veneer shade that will be best for you.
3. The impressions are sent to a dental lab that custom-makes the ceramic veneers to fit your teeth. This may take several days. The dentist may give you temporary veneers to wear in the meantime.
4. At the next visit, the dentist places the veneers on the teeth to check the fit and shape. After any adjustments, the teeth are cleaned and the ceramic veneers are then bonded to the teeth.
5. Further changes may be made at a later appointment.
Composite resin veneers
A composite resin veneer is made from a tooth-colored filling material bonded onto the tooth.
Benefits of composite resin veneers:
- may require removal of less tooth enamel than is necessary for ceramic veneers
- may mean fewer visits to the dentist-sometimes these veneers take just one visit!
- may cost less than ceramic veneers
- are easy to replace if damaged; although composite veneers are generally not as strong or wear-resistant as ceramic veneers, composite veneers are easily and quickly repaired
Steps to place composite resin veneers:
1. After the tooth is prepared or reshaped, the dentist carefully bonds and sculpts the composite material in a shade that is best for you.
2. A special light is used to harden the composite and bond it to your tooth.
3. The veneer is smoothed and polished to look like a natural tooth.
Benefits of both types of veneers:
- No special maintenance is needed other than good oral hygiene each day. Look for oral hygiene products that display the American Dental Association’s Seal of Acceptance. This tells you that the product has met the ADA’s standards for safety and effectiveness.
- Veneers typically require less removal of tooth enamel than crowns.
Other considerations in choosing a veneer:
- Before a veneer is made, your teeth and gums must be healthy. Your dentist can treat any problems before your veneers are made.
- There may be a period of adjustment, a few days to a week, to get used to the feel of your restored teeth.
- Although veneers generally require little removal of tooth enamel, the process cannot be undone once the enamel is removed.
- Patients who clench or grind their teeth are not good candidates for veneers because the thin veneers may chip or break. If you clench or grind, your dentist may suggest a plastic dental night guard to be worn while sleeping, which can help reduce stress on the teeth.
- Veneers look like tooth enamel, and they can chip like real teeth. Avoid biting your fingernails and chewing on hard objects, such as pencils or ice.
- Like any dental restoration, it is possible, over time and with wear, for veneers to come loose. In that case, new ones might be needed.
- As with all your dental care, discuss all your expectations and treatment options with your dentist. Regular dental visits are a must for keeping your teeth and gums healthy.
Before-and-after photos courtesy of Dr. John R. Nosti, www.cosmeticdentistryofsj.com. Reprinted with permission from Dentaltown Magazine.
Patient education content ©2012 American Dental Association. All rights reserved. “ADA” and the “ADA” Logo are registered trademarks of the American Dental Association.